Bell crater; Campania, Apulia, 4th century B.C.
Red figured pottery.
Features fracture line restorations of the front.
Attached thermoluminescence test issued by QED Laboratoire.
Dimensions: 24,5 x 26 cm
Bell crater from Puglia, decorated with the technique of red figures. On one of the fronts we see a female face in profile, and on the other a complete female figure, carrying a branch and a box. Regarding the typology, the crater was a vessel of great capacity, destined to contain a mixture of water and wine. It was brought to the place of food, deposited on the ground or on a platform. The cupbearer administered the drink with a spoon or jug, then filling the glasses of the guests. The bell crater is a type with small horizontal handles, protruding and directed upwards, and with an inverted bell-shaped container. It is a type of late use. Red figured pottery was one of the most important figurative styles of Greek pottery. It was developed in Athens around 530 BC, and was used until the 3rd century BC. It replaced the previous predominant style of black figure pottery after a few decades. The technical basis was the same in both cases, but in the red figures the colour is inverted, the figures being highlighted on a dark background, as if they were illuminated by a theatrical light, following a more natural scheme. Painters working with black figures were forced to keep the motifs well separated from each other and to limit the complexity of the illustration. In contrast, the red figure technique allowed greater freedom. Each figure was silhouetted against a black background, allowing painters to portray anatomical details with more accuracy and variety.
The technique consisted of painting the motifs on the still wet piece, using a transparent varnish that, when baked, acquired an intense black hue. Therefore, the motives were invisible before cooking, due to which painters had to work completely by memory, without being able to see their previous work. Once the piece was baked, the areas not covered by the varnish remained with the reddish hue of the clay, while the glazes, the "painted" ones, adopted a dense and bright black colour.
Purchased by the current owner in 2017 in Madrid, Spain from JS, private Spanish collector, prior 1980.
Provenance: The Supplier warrants that he obtained this lot legally. Provenance statement seen by Catawiki. Important information. The seller guarantees that he is entitled to ship this lot. The seller will take care that any necessary permits will be arranged. The seller will inform the buyer about this if this takes more than a few days.
Important: For destinations out of Spanish territory: all our objects will be shipped after obtaining CERTIFICATE OF EXPORTATION by Ministry of Culture of Spain. We inform our clients that it may take between 4-8 weeks.
- Antico Greco
- Cratere a campana
- Secolo / Intervallo di tempo
- siglo IV a.C.